You are about to leave the Valneva UK Limited healthcare website and will be directed to the Moskito Guard® consumer website. This site is also maintained by Valneva.

Please note that all videos hosted on the Moskito Guard® website can only be viewed via You Tube.

Valneva are not responsible for the content provided by linked sites.

Continue Cancel

You are about to leave the Valneva UK Limited healthcare website and will be directed to the Moskito Guard® consumer website. This site is also maintained by Valneva.

Please note that all videos hosted on the Moskito Guard® website can only be viewed via You Tube.

Valneva are not responsible for the content provided by linked sites.

Continue Cancel

You are about to leave the Valneva UK website and will be directed to the Beware of the Bugs website. This site is also maintained by Valneva.

Please note that all videos hosted on the Beware of the Bugs website can only be viewed via You Tube.

Valneva are not responsible for the content provided by linked sites.

Continue Cancel

I confirm that I am a healthcare professional

Yes No

I confirm that I am a healthcare professional

Yes No

I re-confirm that I am a healthcare professional. Please note that we do not accept orders from members of the public

Continue Cancel

Sorry, there has been an error

OK

Are you sure?

Unsubscribing means you will no longer receive the very latest information concerning our portfolio of products and services.

Continue Back

Key facts

  • Japanese encephalitis (JE) is a rare disease in travellers, but can have serious consequences1
  • The disease is endemic in 24 countries in Asia and the Western Pacific, not just in Japan1
  • JE is caused by bites primarily from Culex mosquitoes which carry the JE virus1-3
  • JE causes inflammation of the brain, which can cause coma, paralysis and death2,3
  • Surviving JE sufferers may be left permanently disabled both physically and mentally1,3
  • There is currently no treatment for JE3
  • Vaccination and preventing mosquito bites are the only methods of protection3

Risk areas for JE1

Adapted from: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Yellow Book 2018. Chapter 3 Infectious Diseases Related to Travel. Japanese Encephalitis. May 2017.

What is JE?

Japanese encephalitis (JE) is a potentially serious disease2 which is caused by the virus Flavivirus, and is closely related to Zika virus, dengue fever, Japanese encephalitis, yellow fever and West Nile virus.1,4 JE is the main cause of viral encephalitis in Asia.2 JE is caused by infection from mosquitoes, mainly the Culex species, which have bitten an animal infected with the JE virus.1-3


Where does JE occur?

JE is endemic in 24 countries across Asia and the Western Pacific.1,2 Transmission of the virus through mosquitoes occurs mainly in rural agricultural areas, and there is an association with rice cultivation and flood irrigation. In temperate areas of Asia, transmission is seasonal and it is believed that JE disease is highest in the summer and autumn time. In the subtropics and the tropics, JE transmission varies and the disease may occur all year round.1


Who is at risk of contracting JE?

Anyone who travels to areas where JE is endemic is at risk of contracting JE.1 Travellers who are likely to spend time outdoors in rural or agricultural areas or participate in outdoor activities, such as camping, hiking, trekking, biking, fishing, hunting or farming are at risk. Staying in accommodation without air conditioning, screens or mosquito nets can also put travellers at risk.2


What are the symptoms and lasting effects of JE?

Most people infected with JE will not show any symptoms and will not develop the disease1. However, in a small number of cases, acute encephalitis is the most common clinical sign of the disease, observed between 5 and 15 days after infection.1 This shows itself as sudden onset of fever, headache and vomiting, which progresses to inflammation of the brain. The infected person’s mental state may deteriorate, there may be neurological changes, physical weakness and movement disorders, such as tremors and rigidity, and seizures can cause coma or paralysis.1-3 JE causes death in up to a third of cases.2,3 Among survivors of JE, one third to a half of all sufferers will have irreversible neurologic, cognitive, or psychiatric disabilities.1


How can JE be treated?

There is currently no specific treatment for JE – prevention is the only way of protecting against the disease.1,3

How can you prevent Japanese encephalitis?

Icon

Vaccination and precautions to avoid mosquito bites are the best forms of protection3

Help protect your travellers from Japanese encephalitis



About IXIARO® About Moskito Guard®